Population Problem of Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশের জনসংখ্যা সমস্যা)
Introduction: The population of a country is an asset. But it becomes a problem when the country cannot afford to her people the basic necessities of life. Bangladesh is a small country of 1,47,570 square kilometers. But it has more than 130 million people. So growing population of Bangladesh is the burning question of the day.
Density: Bangladesh is the most densely populated country in the world. The density of the population per square kilometer is 1000. Every year more than two million people are added to our population.
Bangladesh occupies the 1 by 500th position in respect of the total area of the world but she occupies the 8th position among the countries of the world in respect of the population.
The present growth rate of the population in Bangladesh is 2.20%. If this alarming growth rate continues, the population of Bangladesh will double within the next twenty years.
Effects: The growing population creates difficulties in every sphere of our life. It creates problems with food, clothing, accommodation, health, education, etc. Our population is much more than our employment opportunities.
So most of our young generation is out of employment. There are crowds everywhere in buses, trains, bazaars, schools, and colleges. People have to climb on the roof of buses and trains to travel from one place to another. There are crowds in shops and markets. It is a herculean job to get admission to schools and colleges.
In the field of job, this condition is hazardous. For one single post, there will be thousands of candidates. People can hardly make ends meet. So if the population is allowed to grow further the whole nation will suffer the grievous consequence.
Measures to be taken: The growth of population is a challenge to our existence as a nation. We should now control the growth of our population and train ourselves to build up a planned society.
A family should not consist of more than two children. Early marriage should be conscious. Our women folk must be made educated and conscious. They are to be taught to keep their families planned and small.
Our students should be given education on population control. Nationwide publicity about the serious consequence of the high birth rate through electronic and press media should be made.
Conclusion: The population problem is the number one problem in our country. All kinds of problems such as food problems, education problems, unemployment problems, health problems, etc. are created by overpopulation.
The growth of the population can effectively be kept down by adopting the existing measures of the family planning department. But to realize the problem and Implement the plans education is a must.