The Flood in Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশের বন্যা)
Or, The Recent Flood in Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশের সাম্প্রতিক বন্যা)
Introduction: Flood is the excessive water caused by rain or overflowing water of the rivers and sea. It is a devastating calamity of nature. It is almost an annual affair in Bangladesh. Flood totally annihilates the total economy of a country. People become homeless and helpless and sometimes die a miserable death.
Period: Usually flood occurs in the rainy season. In Bangladesh May, June, July, and August are the periods of flood. Floods caused by cyclones, the melting of snow on mountains, or the disturbance made by the neighboring country may occur at any time.
Causes: The causes of floods are many. It is mainly caused by heavy showers of rain. The rivers and canals cannot carry the excess water of rain to the sea rapidly. So there is a sudden increase of water in the rivers and canals which overflow their banks and cause the flood. Except this our rivers are getting shallow day by day as a result of the Farakka dam. They cannot contain much water. So they overflow easily and cause floods.
The flood of recent years: Flood is almost an annual affair in Bangladesh. The floods that occurred in the years 1954, 1960, 1968, 1970, 1972, 1974, 1987, 1988, 1998, and 2004 were terrible. The floods of 1988, 1998, and 2004 were more terrible. About ninety percent of villages and towns were underwater for several days. The flood of 1998 has broken all the records of losses. Almost all the districts were underwater for a period of three months.
Bad effect of the flood: Flood makes life miserable. It causes a big loss of life, property, and crops. It washes away our houses, cattle, and human beings. The scarcity of drinking water causes great suffering. Flood sweeps over villages and towns. Streets, roads, and even people's houses go underwater. People cannot go from one place to another. The sufferings of the people of the working class know no bounds. They remain jobless.
After the effect of the flood: After the flood epidemic and famine break out. There is a scarcity of food and drinking water. Many people suffer from different types of diseases like cholera, dysentery, and typhoid. The areas affected by flood become muddy and unhealthy. There is a scarcity of food as crops are washed away. The price of all daily necessities rises very high. It brings some good too. It makes the land fertile.
Suggestions: Flood causes a great loss every year. So proper steps must be taken to control it. More canals should be dug, and silted-up beds of our rivers should be excavated for carrying more water than at present. We can also build our house on a high level.
Conclusion: Flood causes a great loss to our economy every year. If we cannot check the huge loss that flood causes immediately all of our development programs will be jeopardized so effective and permanent measures must be found for the prevention of floods.