Information Communication Technology (তথ্য যোগাযোগ প্রযুক্তি)
Outline: Introduction Present condition of ICT in Bangladesh Role of ICT in national development Domestic productivity improvement - Measures to be taken - Conclusion.
Introduction: Information Communication Technology means the generation of contents, processing, manipulation, storage, routing, transmission, switching, packaging, and usage of information to assist our day-to-day business.
It has made the vast treasure of all forms of knowledge information, inventions, methodologies processes are technologies from the entire slob available to us by assessing via the internet.
The present condition of ICT in Bangladesh: The use of computers started in Bangladesh in 1964. Computers began to be used commercially in the mid-1980s and since then it has come a long way the last few years, in particular, has witnessed tremendous advancement in the use of computers.
Due to government incentives like the exemption of duties on the import of computers and their accessories, a vibrant hardware market has developed in Bangladesh and the prices of hardware have come down substantially over the last few years.
Role of ICT in national, development: In this world of globalization and the IT revolution, a nation's proper access to Information Communication Technology is a must for national development because ICT can help us in many ways as-.
- Employment through exporting ITES: Having a good pool of smart programmers and a large English-speaking engineering population in Bangladesh, there is a definite potential for Bangladesh to make some headway in the global ITES market, which is dominated by India at this time. But it is a long way to go before Bangladesh can make substantial inroads in that market. The most potential market segments are in data processing, medical transcription, animation, call center, business processing, and software development.
- Role of ICT in Rural Health Care: The use of ICT may provide our rural poor population with quality health care services. It will make them able to get proper treatment through telemedicine. This distance consulting through a telemedical network facility saves the life of the baby and the mother.
Domestic productivity improvement: By using ICT, we can design a number of domestic services. Here are some more examples:
i. Decision-making process by each agency and ministry of the government can be aided with ICT.
ii. The application of ICT in the very process of governance may bring transparency.
iii. By using ICT, we can develop a simple and effective tax collection system for NBR.
iv. Use of ICT in our education sector is also important for our national development.
v. Use of ICT can make our banking sector more speedy, transparent, and service-oriented.
vi. By computerizing we can bring discipline on the street and earn a good amount of revenue from the vehicle owners even to manage the traffic police and maintain the roads.
Measures to be taken:
- Creative Capacity building: The inventive capacity enables a nation to develop, assimilate and adopt new knowledge for innovative use and development of IT for wealth creation. Bangladesh should look into the development of such capacity by forming partnerships with industry and academies within a good strategic plan.
- Modern capacity building: Innovation capacity should be created to apply new knowledge in the form of new product services. Mechanisms should be created for financing, protecting intellectual property, transferring new knowledge to industry managing innovation, and doing marketing research.
- Entrepreneurial capacity: For consumer capacity building, support should be made available in the form of managerial knowledge, risk capital, business contacts, and physical facilities. The risks of starting hi-tech ventures should be managed. Therefore, an adequate safety net should be developed to encourage potential entrepreneurs.
Conclusion: We see the huge potentiality of domestic ICT for the significant improvement of the economic productivity of Bangladesh in the production of goods and services both in the government and private sectors. Bangladesh can build a strong internal backbone of fiber optic networks to enhance communication for voice and data.