Our Country, My Bangladesh (আমাদের দেশ)
Introduction: Bangladesh is our country. It is a small country, but it has a significant place in the world for its glorious history and culture. We are proud of being a citizen of this country.
History: The history of Bangladesh dates back to when the British East India Company defeated the last independent Nawab of Bengal, Nawab Siraj-ud-dowla. Since the fall of Nawab Siraj-ud-dowla the British had been ruling this country for a period of two hundred years. In 1947 British rule ended and Pakistan came into being comprising two wings West and East Pakistan.
East Pakistan our present Bangladesh, became a colony of West Pakistan and the rulers of West Pakistan ruled our country with an oppressed hand. Then in 1971 through a long battle of nine months, we achieved our freedom. About thirty lakh people sacrifice their lives in the battle. Today we remember them with respect.
Area and population: Bangladesh lies between 20°34' to 26°38' north latitude and 88°01' to 92°41' east longitude. Maximum extension is about 440 km in the E-W direction and 760 km in the NNW-SSE direction. Time GMT +6.00 hours. She is surrounded by Indian territories on the west north and east.
To the south lies the Bay of Bengal. The total area of our country is 1,47,000 square kilometers or 55,598 square miles. It is an overpopulated country. The total population is more than 130 million. About 90% of people are Muslims. The rest are the Hindu, the Christian, the Buddhist, and others.
Language: Almost all Bangladeshis speak Bengali. Only a few tribes of Bandarban, Khagrachari, and Rangamati speak their tribal language. But there is a wide practice of English, Arabic, and Urdu. English is our second language.
Source of income: Bangladesh is basically an agricultural country. So most of the people of Bangladesh depend on agriculture. Nowadays industrialization is expanding all over the country. There are a lot of people living abroad and by working there earn a lot of foreign exchange.
Agricultural products: Rice, wheat, oil-seed, sugarcane, vegetables, and various kinds of fruits are food products of Bangladesh. Jute, tea, and tobacco are cash crops. Rice is the staple food of the people and jute is the golden fiber of the country. The hilly slopes of Sylhet and Chittagong produce tea and many other crops like tobacco, sugarcane, cotton, oil seeds, etc.
Cities: In Bangladesh, we have sixty-four district towns and 460 thana towns. We have six divisional cities. Dhaka is a mega city.
Rivers: In Bangladesh, we have about 320 rivers. The Padma, the Jamuna, the Meghna, and the Brahmaputra are big rivers. The beautiful cornfields of Bangladesh are the gifts of her rivers. The rivers bring enough silt and make her soil fertile.
Conclusion: Bangladesh is one of the smallest countries in the world. But it has a large population. Its density of population is the highest. Poverty, unemployment, illiteracy, superstition, and many other problems prevail in this country. Despite this, we love our country very much.